According to clinical research, the lipids inside fat cells are sensitive to cold temperatures. This discovery led to introducing an innovative technique of fighting the excess of fat – cryolysis. It is a novel technique of totally non-invasive fat removal. It does not require incisions or anaesthesia and a patient can leave the doctor’s office to resume their daily activities immediately after the procedure.
Cryolysis (cryolipolysis, lipocryolysis) is a technique of body sculpting by exposure to cold, an innovative method of slimming the silhouette without surgical intervention, It was created in the USA by two doctors from Massachusetts: Dr Dieter Manstein and Dr. Rox Anderson. During their research the doctors proved that fat cells are more sensitive to cold than the surrounding tissue, and can be eliminated without risking the damage of neighbouring cells. As a result of their discovery, researchers developed Zeltiq technology and it ha been used ever since for freezing fat tissue. The technology allows specialists to model patients’ bodies by using special fat extracting heads and exposing it to a temperature of approximately eight centigrade subzero. As a result of the procedure fat cells are permanently destroyed and gradually eliminated from the body.
The cryolipolysis procedure is highly suggested for people who struggle with local deposits of excessive fat. It is recommended for patients with localised fat deposits, which are resistant to diet and exercise. The areas of excessive fat, which are most frequently treated with this technique are: the abdomen, inner thighs, waist, buttocks as well as calves, arms and double chin.
What is cryolysis?
Body sculpting by exposure to cold consists of cold-induced apoptosis of adipocytes, i.e. fat cells. Body fat is cooled to trigger lipolysis, i.e. the decomposition of fat cells. Prior to the treatment, the skin of patients is covered with a cloth soaked in a special gel to prevent the damage of cells surrounding the adipose tissue, bruises or frostbite.
During procedure a vacuum applicator sucks the adipose tissue in and holds it between two cooling panels. The withdrawn tissue is cooled on both sides with temperature reaching eight degrees subzero. The effectiveness of cryolisys depends on the ability to quickly cool body fat and keep it at this temperature for about an hour. The applicator has built in sensors monitoring the condition of the skin throughout the entire procedure securing the safety and continuous control over the treatment.
Exposure to cold causes body fat to degenrate – it is then released and eliminated from the body. After approximately 3 days after the procedure at the clinic the process of apoptosis, or natural destruction of cells begins. The destroyed cells are eliminated by natural physiological processes of the lymphatic system. After approximately two weeks the dead cells are removed by blood and lymph and then processed by the body.
The results of treatment
The complete results become visible three months after the session. The majority of patients only need one session, however, when fat deposits are larger, the treatment of cryolysis should be repeated after approximately two months or at once.